In this SharePoint 2013 tutorial, I will explain how to use variations on multilingual sites in SharePoint 2013.
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What are variations?
Variations feature creates sites and syncs content and supported list items from a source variation site to one or more target variation sites. By default, the variations feature syncs publishing pages from the Pages library of the source variation site, and any lists that are configured to be synced to specific target variation sites.
Variations timer jobs:
Variations Create Hierarchies Job Definition: Creates a complete variations hierarchy by creating all variation sites, lists, and pages from the source variation site, based on the variation labels. By default, this timer job runs hourly.
Variations Propagate List Items Job Definition: Creates and updates list items on target variation sites after a list is configured to send items to specific target variation labels. By default, this timer job runs every 15 minutes.
Variations Propagate Page Job Definition: Creates and updates pages on target variation sites after a page on the source variation site is approved or after it is manually submitted by a user. By default, this timer job runs every 15 minutes.
Variations Propagate Sites and Lists Job Definition: Creates variation sites and lists when the Create Everywhere option is enabled. By default, this timer job runs every 30 minutes.
Open -> SharePoint 2013 Central admin -> Click Monitoring -> Under timer jobs -> Click Review job definiton
Create a new publishing site:
Created a site named “YourSiteName”
Click Site settings -> Under site collection administration -> Click Variations settings
Site, list, and page creation behavior:
1. Create everywhere:
It will create a site, list, and pages from source to target variation sites automatically.
2. Create selectively:
It will sync the sites lists and pages first time after that we have to do manually.
Recreated a deleted target pages:
It will help you to recreate the deleted pages in source variation site into target variation sites once republished by source.
If Create Everywhere is enabling it will do this step automatically created on a target variation.
Update target page web parts:
If you have done any changes in web parts on source variation sites it will be updated to the target variation site also.
It will send the notification to the users when the new page is created or updated in source and variation sites.
Create Variation Label:
Now am going to create a Variation label:
Click on variation labels -> Click New
Now am going to create a label for source variation site “English”
– For Site template language “Select English”
– Next select locale “Selected English (United States)”
– Next create a label “en-us”
– Select Publish template with or without workflow
– In this scenario am selected Publishing template with workflow
It will created as a source
Click new label for creating a target variation:
– Select template language as “Arabic”
– Select locale as “Arabic(U.A.E)”
– Click Continue
– Provide the label name In my scenario “ar-ae”
– Select the hierarchy creation “Publishing sites list with variations and pages”
– Click Continue
Allow Human translation and Machine translation you need. In my scenario used both translation.
Here you can provide the page update behaviour will be automatically or manually
In my scenario am selected automatically
Review all those settings and click finish.
So it will be enabled as a target variation site
Click Create hierarchy -> Click Ok
Now check the variation logs and run the timer jobs manually for immediate requirement
Here is the final result.
For english :
In next article we will see the pages, list sync and content.
Vinod (Sharepoint developer)
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