SharePoint Tutorial Contents
Currently, it contains a fluent API for working with the full SharePoint REST API as well as utility and helper functions. This takes the guesswork out of creating REST requests, letting developers focus on the what and less on the how.
How to install PnP-JS-Core
Add the npm package to your project:
npm install sp-pnp-js –save
How to import a library in your project
First or second way?
Most of the asynchronous bugs I see are related to promises. Probably because promise handling can get complicated if you’re not careful.
Below is a typical example of promise handling using the fetch api.
As you can tell there is a lot going on here:
First, we call fetch to trigger the http call. Next, we have to deal with two layers of chained ‘then’ calls to unwrap and print the person’s full name.
Async – await
Next, I will show how you can use async/await as an alternative to ‘then’ based promise handling.
On of the benefits of async/await is that it makes asynchronous code appear more like synchronous code.
It’s important to keep in mind that this is just syntactic sugar though. Under the hood the code is still asynchronous In the following code I have rewritten the original function using async/await.
The first thing to notice is that the code is a lot less verbose. We no longer have to deal with ‘then’ functions and callbacks.
Instead we use the await keyword to create the illusion of synchronous looking code.
Async/await is available in TypeScript as of version 2.1.
- async is a keyword for the function declaration
- await is used during the promise handling
- await must be used within an async function, though Chrome now supports “top level” await
- async functions return a promise, regardless of what the return value is within the function
- async/await and promises are essentially the same under the hood
- Available now in most browsers as well as Node.js
Benefits of async and await
- Your code is more simplistic, precise
- Debugging is easier thanks to fewer callbacks
- Conversion from promise then / catch code is easy
- Your code can be more “top-down”, less nesting
You may like following SPFx tutorials:
- Create a Hello World WebPart in SharePoint using SPFX
- SPFx Application Customizer Example – An Analog Clock with React
- SharePoint framework Local Workbench is showing empty
- SPFx multiline textbox field rending as single line of text in SharePoint Online
- Setup SharePoint Framework (SPFx) development environment in Windows 10 workstation
- Create SPFx webpart with React for SharePoint 2016 On-Premise
I’m SharePoint Developer primary focused on SharePoint Framework for On-Premise environment.