SharePoint 2010 create new custom master page using SharePoint designer 2010

In this SharePoint 2010 create master page tutorial explains, What is a master page in SharePoint? How to create a new custom master page in SharePoint 2010 using SharePoint designer 2010.

We will also see what are the out of box master pages available in SharePoint 2010?

What is a master page in SharePoint 2010?

A master page in SharePoint 2010 provides an overall look and feel and layout of a page in SharePoint page in SharePoint site.

A master page defines the chrome of your site in SharePoint. These elements may include the header and footer, top navigation, breadcrumbs, search box, site logo, and other branding elements.

The master page remains consistent as visitors navigate through your site. A master page also defines regions called content placeholders that are filled in by content from matching regions on page layouts.

Here we will discuss how we can create a master page in SharePoint 2010 using Sharepoint designer 2010.

SharePoint 2010 out of box master pages

There are various master pages available in SharePoint 2010 like:

  • V4.master
  • default.master
  • minimal.master
  • simple.master

Apart from the above master pages, you can also create your own master pages.

Create a custom master page using SharePoint designer 2010 in SharePoint 2010

There are various ways we can create our own custom master page. Like you can use Visual Studio 2010 and also you can go for SharePoint designer 2010 to create your custom master page.

Before doing anything you should be very clear whether you really need a custom master page from scratch. Because it is very much necessary to put the content placeholders in appropriate areas. Because it should not affect the performance issue also.

Since Microsoft already tested all the out of box master pages, so it is always a good idea to copy the existing master page and modify within that.

So here we will use one of the existing master page V4.master and use that to create our new master page and we will user here SharePoint 2010 designer.

First of all, open the SharePoint 2010 site in SharePoint designer 2010 and in the SharePoint designer in the site objects in the left-hand side click on the master page as shown in the figure below.

create custom master page in sharepoint 2010 using sharepoint designer

create a custom master page in SharePoint 2010 using SharePoint designer

It will show all the master pages. Here right click on the V4.master and then copy and paste it in the same directory. And then Rename the master page file name to a valid master page name. It is always recommended to give a project-specific name. Then go for an IISRESET.

In the next part, we will see, how we can publish and approve that and how we can set the default master page from v4.master to our custom master page.

For this Open your site in the browser and go to Site Actions -> Site Settings then from the Galleries go to Master pages and page layouts.

Then select your custom master page and click on Publish a Major Version as shown in the figure below:

sharepoint 2010 create new master page using sharepoint designer 2010

SharePoint 2010 create a new master page using SharePoint designer 2010

Again Select the master page and click on Publish this version and select Approved as shown in the figure below:

create master page in sharepoint 2010 using sharepoint designer 2010

create a master page in SharePoint 2010 using SharePoint designer 2010

Now your master page is approved, you can now go to Site Actions -> Site Settings -> From the Look and Feel click on Master Page and then select the custom master page from the master page drop down and click on Ok. Now whenever you will create a new site, it will take your custom master page.

You may like following SharePoint master page tutorials:

Hope SharePoint 2010 tutorial helps to learn how to create a custom master page in SharePoint 2010 using SharePoint designer 2010.

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Bijay Kumar

I am Bijay from Odisha, India. Currently working in my own venture TSInfo Technologies in Bangalore, India. I am Microsoft Office Servers and Services (SharePoint) MVP (5 times). I works in SharePoint 2016/2013/2010, SharePoint Online Office 365 etc. Check out My MVP Profile.. I also run popular SharePoint web site SharePointSky.com

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