In a SharePoint site, we can manage the settings or settings at various levels like web/subsite level, Site Collection level, and Web Application Level. I would like to focus on a few of the important setting should be known to all developers and SharePoint support team.
SharePoint Tutorial Contents
Here is the various setting we can see on Web Application level in any SharePoint version later 2010 like SharePoint 2013/2016.
- General Settings
- Resource Throttling
- Outgoing Email
- Mobile Account
- SharePoint Designer
Web Application settings can be changed/configured in Central Administration from the Application server.
Log on to Application Server with FARM Administrator account and open Central Administration.
Central Administration -> Application Management -> Manage Web Applications
Select the desired web application and click on General Settings from ribbon control.
As the name states, as part of this, we can configure various general settings at the web application level.
Few of the important settings we need to know are:
- Default Quota Template
- Person Name Actions and Presence Settings
- RSS Settings
- Web Page Security Validation
- Recycle Bin
- Maximum Upload Size
Default Quota Template
The default quota template is one option we see as part of creating the site collection. If we change the quota template at web application it will be applicable to all the site collections associated with it and for all new site collections.
What exactly quota template consists of:
Person Name Actions and Presence Settings
This is one beautiful option in SharePoint which connects with messenger/communication window using in that domain. If the SharePoint admin enables this it will show the availability /status of the user in SharePoint itself.
Alerts in SharePoint helps the user to notify on various aspects. Like if the business user wanted to know all the activities performed on their business documents he/she can set up an alert. To perform that SharePoint administrator has to enable this. Admin can also set a restriction maximum no.of alerts per user on a web application.
Microsoft introduced RSS (Really Simple Syndication) from SharePoint 2007 onwards. RSS is one of the best and simple ways for a user to make news, blogs and other content in SharePoint.
RSS can be managed at 2 levels one is a Web Application and the other one is Site Collection level. Once the RSS is enabled user will get an option to add comments for any connect on-page. This really works well and handy in bigger organizations while harvesting the feedback.
By mentioning “Yes” we are enabling the RSS at the Web Application level.
Web Security validation
We often see the page/session expiration while creating a site collection from Central Administration. That will be managed at this point for every web application by default the security validation expires after 30 min, we can change as per the business needs at any point of time.
In SharePoint as soon as users delete any content from the site it will be moved to “Recycle Bin” and we can configure how many days we want to retain that content in Recycle Bin. The Recycle Bin in SharePoint exists at 2 levels one is site level and the other one is at the Site Collection level.
In fact, SharePoint Administrator can define whether the content should go to the recycle bin or delete permanently as soon as the user deletes it at the Web Application level.
Maximum Upload Size
In SharePoint administrator can specify the maximum file size accepted at the web application level.
By default, SharePoint allows 250 MB files if business demands to increase the upload size file limit you can update the same we can do it as part general settings of the web application.
For more details on file size and handling file upload, issues refer to my previous article Cannot Upload large files to SharePoint 2013.
You may like following SharePoint web application tutorials:
- Extend web application in SharePoint 2013 (using PowerShell and Central Administration)
- Delete Hidden Web Application in SharePoint 2013 using PowerShell
- Create new web application SharePoint 2013 PowerShell
Here we checked some web application settings in SharePoint 2013/2016.
I am Krishna.Vandanapu a SharePoint architect working in IT from last 13+ years, I worked in SharePoint 2007, 2010, 2013, 2016 and Office 365. I have extensive hands on experience in customizing SharePoint sites from end to end. Expertise in SharePoint migration tools like Sharegate, Doc Ave and Metalogix. Migrated SharePoint sites from SharePoint 2007 to 2010 and 2010 to 2013 several times seamlessly. Implementing CSOM with Microsoft best practices. Spent quality time in configuring SharePoint application services like User Profile, Search, Managed Meta data services etc. Now exploring SharePoint Framework and SharePoint 2019