How to set up session state in our ASP.NET Core and MVC Core Web applications?

setup session state in asp.net mvc

In this article, we will learn how to use our C# coding prowess to set up the session state in our ASP.NET Core and MVC Core Web applications.

Steps To Be Followed:
Step-1: New project:

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Open Visual Studio and select File >> New Project.
The “New Project” window will pop up. Select .NET Core and select “ASP.NET Core Web Application”. Name our project and click “OK”.

A “New Project” window will pop up. Select Web Application and click “OK”, as shown below.

Also read: Steps to archive log files using NLog with ASP.NET Core

Step-2: Dependencies
Once our project is ready, open Solution Explorer, right-click “dependencies”, and click “Manage NuGet Packages.”.

Packages Required

We need to install the stable version of “Microsoft.AspNetCore.Session” from the NuGet Package Manager. Then only we can access the session state in ASP.NET Core. Click on the “Install” button.

Step-3: HomeControllers

Now, double click “HomeControllers.cs”. The following is an example of a session sharing in ASP.NET Core.



using System;

using System.Collections.Generic;

using System.Diagnostics;

using System.Linq;

using System.Threading.Tasks;

using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Http;

using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc;

using Session_State.Models;

namespace Session_State.Controllers

{

public class HomeController : Controller

{

const string SessionName = “_Name”;

const string SessionAge = “_Age”;

public IActionResult Index()

{

HttpContext.Session.SetString(SessionName, “Satya”);

HttpContext.Session.SetInt32(SessionAge, 24);

return View();

}

public IActionResult About()

{

ViewBag.Name = HttpContext.Session.GetString(SessionName);

ViewBag.Age = HttpContext.Session.GetInt32(SessionAge);

ViewData[“Message”] = “Asp.Net Core !!!.”;

return View();

}

public IActionResult Contact()

{

ViewData[“Message”] = “Your contact page.”;

return View();

}

public IActionResult Error()

{

return View(new ErrorViewModel { RequestId = Activity.Current?.Id ?? HttpContext.TraceIdentifier });

}

}

}

Step 4: Startup.cs

Now, double click “Startup.cs” to configure the services. The very first step we need to take is to add the session service to the container so that we can add the services in the “configureServices” function.



public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)

{

services.AddDistributedMemoryCache();

services.AddSession(options => {

options.IdleTimeout = TimeSpan.FromMinutes(1);//You can set Time

});

services.AddMvc();

}

Configure the HTTP Request Pipeline

Now, in the same class, we add “app.Usersession()” inside the “configure” function so that it gets called by the runtime.

public void Configure(IApplicationBuilder app, IHostingEnvironment env)

{

if (env.IsDevelopment())

{

app.UseDeveloperExceptionPage();

app.UseBrowserLink();

}

else

{

app.UseExceptionHandler(“/Home/Error”);

}

app.UseStaticFiles();

app.UseSession();

app.UseMvc(routes =>

{

routes.MapRoute(

name: “default”,

template: “{controller=Home}/{action=Index}/{id?}”);

});

}

Output:
Now, run the project. We will see the output of an Active Session, as below.

setup session state in asp.net core
setup session state in asp.net core

Let us set “one” minute as the Session TimeOut in the “ConfigureServices” function of the “Startup.cs” class.
services.AddSession(options => {
options.IdleTimeout = TimeSpan.FromMinutes(1);//You can set Time
});


Session Expires

setup session state in asp.net mvc
setup session state in asp.net mvc

Summary:
Here we discussed about how to setup
– Session in ASP.NET Core and MVC Core Web applications.
– Result before session and after session.

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About Satyaprakash Samantaray

MVP Award Winner | Community Author & Contributor | Software Developer | Most Valuable Blogger(MVB)

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