How to backup and restore SharePoint 2010 site collection?

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As a SharePoint user, it’s your responsibility to protect your data from any unexpected event or disaster. So always keep your disaster recovery plan ready. The first step in any disaster recovery plan is to have an up to-date backup. This article will guide you on how you can backup and restore your SharePoint site collection site.

Backup site collection using Windows PowerShell:

For better performance it is recommended to first backup your data on the local computer and then moves it to network folder. Following are the steps to backup SharePoint site collection:



Go to Start-> All Programs-> MS SharePoint 2010 Products.

Now click SharePoint 2010 Management Shell and type the following command on Windows PowerShell command prompt:

Backup -SPSite -Identity <Site collection name> -Path <backup file> [-Force] [-NoSiteLock] [-UseSqlSnapshot] [-Verbose]

-Force: This parameter is used when you want to override an old backup with same name.
-NoSiteLock: It helps in preventing SharePoint site collection from going in read-only mode when the backup is being taken.

Restore site collection using Windows PowerShell:

Follow below steps to restore site collection:
Go to Start-> All Programs-> MS SharePoint 2010 Products.
Now click SharePoint 2010 Management Shell and type the following command on Windows PowerShell command prompt:

Restore-SPSite -Identity <Site collection URL> -Path <Backup file> [-DatabaseServer <Database server name>] [-DatabaseName <Content database name>] [-HostHeader <Host header>] [-Force] [-GradualDelete] [-Verbose]

-Database Server: Content database server
-DatabaseName: Name of content database

Backup Sharepoint site collection using Central Administration:

Following are the steps to backup SharePoint site collection:

On the Home page of Central Administration, go to Backup and Restore-> Perform a site collection backup.

Go to site collection backup page-> Site Collection List-> site collection.

Now in the Filename box give the path of your backup file and click Start Backup.

You cannot restore SharePoint site collection using Central Administration; only PowerShell is used for restoring data.

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