Basically If you want to capture business information, then we can use InfoPath 2010. It is suitable from small organization to enterprise level. By using infopath 2010 simultaneously thousand users can enter data simultaneously. In SharePoint 2010 the new and most modified version is known as Microsoft InfoPath 2010.
Form libraries are used to store Infopath forms in SharePoint 2010. Since Its a SharePoint library, so we can use the features like workflow, columns, and user-defined views to enhance the interface etc. Infopath forms can use various workflows like approval workflows provided by SharePoint 2010.
Reporting and Business Intelligence capabilities in SharePoint 2010 help you extract the data from your forms and present it to business users.
InfoPath 2010 supports data connections to many data source types, including web services, XML files, and databases. So that you can communicate with external data sources.
There are lots of new features has been added to InfoPath 2010 like below:
The new InfoPath 2010 has looks of Microsoft Office 2010. It has feature like Ribbon and Backstage view.
In InfoPath 2010 once the form is published, then users can consume in 3 ways.
1- InfoPath Designer: which provides the full design experience.
2- InfoPath Filler: InfoPath Filler is a new InfoPath desktop installation option for users who need to fill in and submit forms but do not need to modify or create new form templates.
3- Through browser: User can consume InfoPath form through browser.
Now in InfoPath 2010 there are lots of form templates available to design new InfoPath forms. One template is SharePoint List through which you can create attractive input forms on SharePoint lists with the click of a button. If you have existing data in SharePoint lists, you can quickly generate a new input form with all of the SharePoint column data.
There are more controls and functionalities are now supported in browser forms like:
Date and time control, Bulleted, numbered, and plain lists, Multiple selection list box, Combo boxes, Hyperlink capabilities, Person/Group pickers, Picture buttons etc.
InfoPath 2010 has one improved Rules task pane which helps in giving rules, validation, and conditional formatting. You can Add Rule or Manage Rule from the Rules task pane as well as from buttons available in Ribbon.
In InfoPath 2010 lots of new page layout templates are available in the Ribbon inside the Page Design tab. You can select any page layout while creating a form and also you can apply some theme. Refer figure below:
The Backstage view ( which is also available in most of the Microsoft Office Products like Outlook, word or excel etc. ) is a major enhancement in the way you perform common tasks with your forms, such as printing, publishing, and setting form options. To access the Backstage view, simply click the File tab on the ribbon.
You can Publish the InfoPath form from the Publish your form button in the Backstage view. After you published the form later when user will modify and save forms to that published location.
You can write code from the code editor button available in the Ribbon under Developer tab.